Comments on Wells’ “In Defense of Mechanism”

A 2006 paper attempting to criticize some of Rosen’s arguments, entitled “In Defense of Mechanism” by A.J. Wells [1], was recently brought to my attention. The paper makes a lengthy series of erroneous arguments based on misinterpretations of Rosen’s arguments. Wells begins with a list of statements drawn from Rosen’s … Continue reading

Error and Emergence

(Note: This post is a migration of a page form my old Rosen website.) It is recommended that the reader first understand the Rosen Modeling Relation and Rosennean complexity prior to reading this page. Introduction The concept of “error” Emergence The mystery of emergence References and footnotes Introduction Once we … Continue reading

Effective Processes, Computation, and Complexity

  In 1936, two important papers in the field of mathematics and logic were published. One was “An Unsolvable Problem of Elementary Number Theory” by Alonzo Church. [1] The other was “On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem” by Alan Turing. [2] These papers were aimed at providing … Continue reading